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Trakia Journsl of Science, 2016, vol.14, n.1 >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/123

Title: Effect of hypertonicity on the dynamic state of erythrocyte spectrin network as revealed by thermal dielectroscopy
Authors: Paarvanova, B.
Ivanov, I.
Keywords: erythrocyte membrane
spectrin skeleton
dipole polarization
hypertonic cryohemolysis
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: B. Paarvanova and I. Ivanov. Effect of hypertonicity on the dynamic state of erythrocyte spectrin network as revealed by thermal dielectroscopy, 14, 2016, N 1, 96-102
Abstract: Hypertonicity-induced alteration of the spectrin network under the erythrocyte membrane (EM) has been proposed as the cause of hypertonic cryohemolysis, however, the exact mechanism is not known. With this in mind we applied thermal dielectroscopy to evaluate the dynamic state of spectrin network of human erythrocytes and isolated EMs as affected by the osmotic pressure of suspension media (10 mM NaCl and varying concentrations of mannit). The method, applied on a heated suspension, detected abrupt changes in the complex impedance, ΔZ* = ΔZre +jΔZim, at the spectrin denaturation temperature, TA (49.5 C). The Nyquist plot (-ΔZim vs ΔZre) of these changes indicated two arcs, i.e., two relaxations of the mobile dipoles on intact spectrin network, one centered at 2.5 MHz and the other at 0.3 MHz. Increasing the tonicity from 300 to 500 mOsm both arcs were inhibited. Similar inhibition of the Nyquist plot arcs was obtained by the selective dissociation of spectrin-ankyrin-band 3 bridge of EM. Above 500 mOsm the arcs merged indicating a single relaxation. Both effects of hypertonicity were reversible upon reverting to isotonicity. It is concluded that hypertonicity could lead to a reversible detachment of spectrin skeleton from the integral proteins and inhibition of the segmental motion of spectrin network.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/123
ISSN: 1313-3551
Appears in Collections:Trakia Journsl of Science, 2016, vol.14, n.1

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